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Maize and rice are the country's main staple foods.....MORE


Animal Production and Fisheries

Livestock production is predominantly smallholder in scale, and integrated into individual household farm systems. Virtually no commercial livestock projects operate in the country. Except for some large herds of buffalo, cattle, sheep or goats, typical animal holdings per household are from one to several heads each of one, or all kinds including pigs and chicken. Post conflict economic difficulties have made livestock more important as cash income source, to the point of limited consumption by households. Also, for the rural population cattle is equivalent to a savings account, and an important means for preparation of the paddy fields.

Animals are generally raised through extensive feeding, with little or no supplementation. Ruminants and horses are allowed to graze freely on fallow cropland or grasslands. Pigs, chickens and some ducks are likewise mostly free to forage for their feed, and then given some extra from leftovers.

The document "livestock development in East Timor" (TA101) provides a good general panorama on this topic.

Fishing is done using very small boats, along the coast. per capita fish consumption is very low. In order to promote this very important source of proteins various projects have implemented fish ponds and others are concentrating on dried fish in order to make its transportation to the interior easier.

Flag of Government of The Democratic Republic of  Timor-Leste

Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

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